Cambridge University Press

Low dietary diversity and micronutrient adequacy among lactating women in a peri-urban area of Nepal

Publication Type

The main objectives were to assess the adequacy of the micronutrient intakes of lactating women in a peri-urban area in Nepal and to describe the relationships between micronutrient intake adequacy, dietary diversity and sociodemographic variables. The mean usual energy intake was 8464 (sd 1305) kJ/d (2023 (sd 312) kcal/d), while the percentage of energy from protein, fat and carbohydrates was 11 %, 13 % and 76 %, respectively. The mean usual micronutrient intakes were below the estimated average requirements for all micronutrients, with the exception of vitamin C and Zn.

Reliability and validity of an individually-focused food insecurity access scale for assessing inadequate access to food among pregnant Ugandan women of mixed HIV status

Publication Type

Food security occurs when all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life." Food insecurity (FI) exists when these conditions are not met and is a major underlying cause of undernutrition enshrined in the UNICEF conceptual framework.