The following are the annual reports of the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Nutrition for the fiscal year 2018 starting October 2017 through September 2018 (Yr8).
Unsafe Drinking Water Is Associated with Environmental Enteric Dysfunction and Poor Growth Outcomes in Young Children in Rural Southwestern Uganda
Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), a subclinical disorder of the small intestine, and poor growth are associated with living in poor water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) conditions, but specific risk factors remain unclear. Nested within a birth cohort study, this study investigates relationships among water quality, EED, and growth in 385 children living in southwestern Uganda. Water quality was assessed using a portable water quality test when children were 6 months, and safe water was defined as lacking Escherichia coli contamination.
Association between maternal aflatoxin exposure during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes in Uganda
Aflatoxins are toxic metabolites of Aspergillus molds and are widespread in the food supply, particularly in low‐ and middle‐income countries (LMICs). Both in utero and infant exposure to aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) have been linked to poor child growth and development. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to investigate the association between maternal aflatoxin exposure during pregnancy and adverse birth outcomes, primarily lower birth weight, in a sample of 220 mother‐infant pairs in Mukono district, Uganda.
Biomarkers of maternal environmental enteric dysfunction are associated with shorter gestation and reduced length in newborn infants in Uganda
Adverse birth outcomes, including preterm birth and stunting at birth, have long-term health implications. The relation between adverse birth outcomes and chronic, asymptomatic gastrointestinal inflammation (environmental enteric dysfunction—EED) is poorly understood.
The following are the annual reports of the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Nutrition for the fiscal year 2017 starting October 2016 through September 2017 (Yr7).
The promotion of livestock production is widely believed to support enhanced diet quality and child nutrition, but the empirical evidence for this causal linkage remains narrow and ambiguous. This study examines whether adoption of improved dairy cow breeds is linked to farm-level outcomes that translate into household-level benefits including improved child nutrition outcomes in Uganda.
Ugandan women with higher dietary diversity scores are more likely to belong to higher than lower BMI quantiles: findings from rural north and southwest Uganda
This poster examines dietary diversity scores and BMI quantiles in northern and southwestern Ugandan districts. Presented at the 5th Annual Scientific Symposium.
This poster draws links between water quality sanitation, among other factors and EED with data from a cross-sectional, observational birth cohort study in southwestern Uganda. Presented at Friedman Fellows in 2017.