Nepal faces multiple development challenges, including chronic and wide spread food insecurity and adult and child malnutrition. Due to population growth, agricultural stagnation and a range of institutional failures, the threat of a serious food crisis in Nepal is substantial. The recent scaling back of WFP assistance means that food security conditions in some parts of Nepal will undoubtedly worsen in the near future. This paper presents a brief review of topics and available evidence regarding food security, malnutrition and related subjects in Nepal.
The Dynamics of Nutrition Program Implementation in Ethiopia: Facilitators and Constraints at National and Sub-National Level
The Government of Ethiopia (GOE) is committed to improving the nutritional status of the population. The GOE has made significant progress in reducing malnutrition since 2000. The revised National Nutrition Program is aimed at accelerating the decrease in under nutrition through a multi sector nutrition plan. This study assessed the facilitators and constraints to adopting the NNP at the national and sub national level. Key issues were identified including leadership, coordination, awareness, capacity and budget. A series of recommendations derived from the study data are included.
Agricultural correlates of linear growth and key modifiers among children under two years in rural Uganda
Many sources have recently called for agricultural programs and policies to become more nutrition-sensitive, with the aim of harnessing agriculture to improve nutrition and health. Several researchers have described potential causal pathways through which agriculture could impact the nutrition and health of vulnerable populations. Stunting, or poor linear growth, particularly in young children is a key indicator.
A Review Stock Taking Report Nepal's Private Sector Initiatives, Strategies and Interests in Nutrition
There is growing interest of private sector in food industries. This has come because of growing urbanization and better transportation opportunities as food now can be sent from one location to another at a fast rate than in the past. Moreover, the knowledge of food processing and quality is growing, and private sector has cashed this desire through establishing food processing industries.
Vulnerabilities to food insecurity are growing in Nepal. These vulnerabilities come from various factors - namely general decline in food production or agricultural growth, food price rise, seasonality in agricultural production, higher poverty rate in the food deficit areas, changes in food habits consuming junk food, especially in urban areas, lack of income and employment opportunities, lack of effective transportation for food distribution, especially in the hills and mountains, and chronic utilization problems such as inadequate access to health services, water and sanitation.
Integrating Agriculture and Nutrition Actions to Improve Maternal and Child Nutrition: Research on Program Impact Pathways
From a LCIRAH Workshop, June 21-22, 2012, London.
Baseline findings of this nationally representative study reveal variations in nutritional status, household food security, agricultural production and practices, and sanitation between the agro ecological zones of Nepal. Undernutrition in under-five children and women was found to be consistently worse in the terai (with the exception of under-five stunting rates being approximately 36%). Household food insecurity was 40% across the PoSHAN sample during the May - July 2013 season; with terai households found to be least food insecure.
The goal was to identify opportunities for new investment and interventions to improve nutrition and livelihoods on a commercial scale (through agriculture linking to commercial enterprises). This enhances our understanding of crop value chains particularly relevant to women, and to the issues around value chains involving aflatoxin-free foodstuffs.