Vitamin Status among Breastfed Infants in Bhaktapur, Nepal

Authors: Manjeswori Ulak; Ram Chandyo; Oivind Midttun; Prakash Shrestha; Lauren Graybill; Tor Strand Publisher: Nutrients

Vitamin deficiencies are known to be common among infants residing in low- and middle-income countries but relatively few studies have assessed several biochemical parameters simultaneously. The objective of the study was to describe the status of vitamins (A, D, E, B6, B12 and folate) in breastfed infants. We measured the plasma concentrations of trans retinol, 25 hydroxy vitamin D, α-tocopherol, pyridoxal 5′-phosphate, cobalamin, folate, methylmalonic acid, homocysteine, hemoglobin and C-reactive protein from 467 randomly selected infants. One in five (22%) was deficient in at least one vitamin.