Sustaining healthy diets: The role of capture fisheries and aquaculture for improving nutrition in the post-2015 era

Authors: Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted; Andrew Thorne-Lyman; Patrick Webb; Jessica Rose Bogard; Rohana Subasinghe; Michael John Phillips; Edward Hugh Allison Publisher: Food Policy

Fish production and trade contribute significantly to global agricultural output. Fish production in 2012 exceeded 158 million metrictons, while the value of international fish trade amounted to
USD129 billion. An increasingly large share of fish entering global markets derives from aquaculture (the farming of aquatic animals and plants); the world’s fastest growing food production sector for more than four decades.  Much of fish produced and traded within low-income countries derives from capture fisheries (non-fed fish harvested from undomesticated ecosystems). These two production systems have important complementary roles in meeting rising demand for fish and other products (such as animal feed and fish oil), and enhancing incomes and nutrition among smallholder producers, fishers and poor consumers.