Low dietary diversity and micronutrient adequacy among lactating women in a peri-urban area of Nepal

Authors: Sigrun Henjum; Liv Elin Torheim; Andrew L Thorne-Lyman Publisher: Cambridge University Press

The main objectives were to assess the adequacy of the micronutrient intakes of lactating women in a peri-urban area in Nepal and to describe the relationships between micronutrient intake adequacy, dietary diversity and
sociodemographic variables.

Breast-feeding is one of the most important factors that can influence child health in low- and middle-income countries. During lactation, women have increased requirements for energy and micronutrients. An inadequate
maternal intake of certain nutrients during this period may have consequences for both the mother’s health and nutritional status, as well as those of the breast-fed infant(5–7). The breast-milk levels of some micronutrients vary with the mother’s own stores and dietary intake; the nutrients most affected by low maternal intake and stores are thiamin, riboflavin, vitamins A, D, B6, B12, Se and iodine.