Abstracts

Design and Baseline Characteristics of a Study Comparing Four Supplementary Foods in the Prevention of Stunting and Wasting Among Children 6–23 Months in Burkina Faso

Published: April 2017 Authors: Ilana Cliffer, Breanne Langlois, Devika Suri, Shelley Walton, Laetitia Ouedraogo, Augustin Zeba, Hermann Lanou, Franck Garanet, Patrick Webb, Beatrice Rogers Publisher: FASEB
The Food Aid Quality Review (FAQR), a study implemented by Tufts University, recommended improvements in the formulations and programming of existing Title II supplementary foods. To test these recommendations, we are examining the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of four different supplementary foods in the prevention of stunting and wasting in children age 6 to 23 months in Burkina Faso. The objective of this report is to describe the study methods and baseline characteristics of the sample, including baseline measures of stunting and wasting.

Exploring Aflatoxin Prevention and Control Practices in Banke, Nepal

Published: April 2017 Authors: Johanna Andrews-Trevino, Shibani Ghosh, Beatrice Rogers, Gerald Shively, Dale Davis, Kedar Prasad Baral, Patrick Webb Publisher: FASEB
Aflatoxins are harmful to animals and humans. Much is unknown about the determinants of aflatoxin exposure, and how specific agricultural practices may lead to, or help limit, food contamination and diet exposure. Based on prior studies, chronic consumption of aflatoxins may be a public health concern in Nepal.

Factors associated with mid upper arm circumference in pregnant women in Banke, Nepal

Published: April 2017 Authors: Shibani Ghosh, Johanna Andrews Trevino, Dale Davis, Robin Shrestha, Abhiygna Bhattarai, KC Anushree, Ashish Pokharel, Bishnu Dulal, Sabi Gurung, Krishna Paudel, Kedar Baral, Patrick Webb Publisher: FASEB
Rates of weight gain in pregnancy are associated with infant weight for age, length for age and weight for length and are predictive of postnatal growth at 6 months of age. The study examines factors linked with low mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) in pregnant women in Banke Nepal.

Factors associated with anemia in pregnant women in Banke, Nepal

Published: April 2017 Authors: Shibani Ghosh, Johanna Andrews Trevino, Dale Davis, Robin Shrestha, Abhiygna Bhattarai, KC Anushree, Ashish Pokharel, Bishnu Dulal, Sabi Gurung, Krishna Paudel, Kedar Baral, Patrick Webb Publisher: FASEB
Anemia through pregnancy is highly correlated with poor birth outcomes, especially low birth weight (LBW). The Nepal DHS 2011 reports prevalence of anemia in pregnant women at 48%.

Relationship of Stunting and Overweight in Egyptian children under five years of age: Trends and associated risk factors

Published: April 2017 Authors: Shibani Ghosh, Grace Namirembe, Marwa Moaz, Ashish Pokharel, Elizabeth Marino- Costello, Jeffrey Griffiths, Patrick Webb Publisher: FASEB
In Egypt, rates of child overweight and obesity are consistently increasing. While progress has been made in the reduction of stunting, Egypt’s rate of 21% is still higher than countries in the region that have the same GDP.

Nutritional Resilience Following the 2015 Earthquake in Nepal

Published: April 2017 Authors: Andrew Thorne-Lyman, Swetha Manohar, Binod Shrestha, Sumanta Neupane, Bareng Nonyane, Sudeep Shrestha, Patrick Webb, Rolf Klemm, Keith West Jr. Publisher: FASEB
The earthquake that hit Nepal in April, 2015, caused considerable structural damage and loss of life but little is known about the longer term impacts of the earthquake on nutritional status of preschool children and related risk factors. This analysis provides the first systematic national estimate of the nutritional situation in Nepal following the earthquake.

A multi-level risk factor assessment for stunting: Evidence from a national sample in Nepal

Published: April 2017 Authors: Jamie Dorsey, Swetha Manohar, Sumanta Neupane, Binod Shrestha, Andrew Thorne-Lyman, Patrick Webb, Rolf Klemm, Keith West Jr. Publisher: FASEB
Despite marked improvement in child undernutrition, especially stunting, in Nepal over the past decade, stunting prevalence remains high at 41% thus generating an urgent need to understand factors associated with childhood stunting.

Cross-sectional but not Longitudinal Measures of Food Insecurity are Associated with the Rate of Weight Gain during Pregnancy in Northern Uganda

Published: April 2016 Authors: Barnabas Natamba, Francoise Vermeylen, Elizabeth Widen, Shibani Ghosh, Patsy Brannon, Sera Young Publisher: FASEB
Food insecurity (FI) during pregnancy may lead to adverse health outcomes for affected women. However, little is known on whether such effects are due to short-term within person changes (longitudinal effects) in FI or long-term between person differences (cross-sectional effects) in this exposure. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess whether differences in cross-sectional measures of FI between women (defined as the mean prenatal IFIAS score) and/or longitudinal changes in FI within women

Progression of antepartum depression differs by level of perceived social support and food insecurity

Published: April 2016 Authors: Barnabas Natamba, Francoise Vermeylen, Rebecca Joyce Stoltzfus, Jeffrey Griffiths Publisher: FASEB
Antepartum depression (AD) is a risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes and may be worsened by food insecurity (FI) and lack of social support (SS). We studied the progression of AD from mid gestation to term and examined whether such progression differed by measures of SS and longitudinal measures of FI

Perinatal Exposure to Aflatoxins is Associated with a Lower Rate of Weight Gain Among HIV-Infected Pregnant Women and Reduced Linear Growth of HIV-Exposed Infants

Published: April 2016 Authors: Barnabas Natamba, Jia-Sheng Wang, Sera Young, Shibani Ghosh, Jeffrey Griffiths Publisher: FASEB
Aflatoxins (AF) are carcinogens associated with poor linear growth in infants. AF serum levels have been reported to be higher in HIV infected (+) women. However, it is not known if maternal AF exposure affects gestational weight gain (GWG), or if relationship between in utero AF exposure and changes in perinatal anthropometry differs by maternal HIV or infant HIV exposure status. We enrolled 403 pregnant women (33.3% HIV (+), all on anti-retroviral treatment) at the antenatal clinic of Gulu Hospital, northern Uganda.