Arbach, Angela

Alcohol Use Among Pregnant Ugandan Women of Mixed HIV Status is Associated with Social Environment and Food Insecurity

Publication Type

Antenatal alcohol use (AAU) is associated with poor health outcomes in maternal-infant dyads. However, AAU prevalence and risk factors are poorly understood, particularly in low-income settings. Therefore we studied correlates of any AAU among pregnant women receiving antenatal care in Gulu, Uganda.

Reliability and validity of an individually-focused food insecurity access scale for assessing inadequate access to food among pregnant Ugandan women of mixed HIV status

Publication Type

Food security occurs when all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life." Food insecurity (FI) exists when these conditions are not met and is a major underlying cause of undernutrition enshrined in the UNICEF conceptual framework.

Reliability and validity of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies- Depression scale in screening for depression among HIV infected and uninfected pregnant women attending antenatal services in northern Uganda

Publication Type

In the two decades since the first Global Burden of Disease (GBD) report was released in 1990, the impacts that HIV infection and major depressive disorders (MDDs) have had on medical and public health systems have changed profoundly. The 2010 GBD report indicates that HIV infection has risen from being the 33rd to the 5th contributor to the global burden of disease (Murray et al. 2013). At the same time, the disease burden attributable to MDDs has risen from being the 15th to the 11th.