Brannon, Patsy

HIV infection is associated with a lower rate of gestational weight gain and reduced neonatal length

Publication Type

Adequate gestational weight gain (GWG) and neonatal growth are important, respectively, for favorable birth outcomes and survival of infants through the first year. In sub-Saharan Africa, underlying infections, such as HIV, may adversely impact GWG and neonatal growth.

Cross-sectional but not Longitudinal Measures of Food Insecurity are Associated with the Rate of Weight Gain during Pregnancy in Northern Uganda

Publication Type

Food insecurity (FI) during pregnancy may lead to adverse health outcomes for affected women. However, little is known on whether such effects are due to short-term within person changes (longitudinal effects) in FI or long-term between person differences (cross-sectional effects) in this exposure. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess whether differences in cross-sectional measures of FI between women (defined as the mean prenatal IFIAS score) and/or longitudinal changes in FI within women (i.e.

Maternal HIV Infection, but not Food Insecurity, Predicts the Pattern of Weight Gain in Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Services in Northern Uganda

Publication Type

In Sub-Saharan Africa, the differential impact of maternal HIV infection and/or food insecurity on the pattern of weight gain among pregnant women is unknown. To fill this gap, data on 402 pregnant women (33% HIV+ & participating in antiretroviral treatment) enrolled in a perinatal cohort study at Gulu Regional Referral Hospital in northern Uganda were analyzed.